Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is the malfunction of the brain and behavior and results in severe anxiety. This disorder includes obsessions and compulsions. The obsessions are simply the thoughts and impulses that occur repeatedly and are out of control. On the other hand, the compulsions are the second stage of the obsessive disorder where the person is trapped in repetitive behavior that rises from his or her obsessions. In short, it is the mental condition in which one is so engrossed with a particular obsession that he or she keeps repeating a particular behavior without feeling that such behavior is not natural.
Truly speaking, there is no complete cure for the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. The available treatments can work to keep the symptoms under control, but the condition can relapse any time. There are people who may need treatment for rest of their lives and it will not be hard to find someone who is successful in driving out the disorder from his life.
The prime treatment is done with the help of medicines and psychotherapy is the next option. But, best results are achieved from the combination of both these methods.
There are medications to control the obsessions and compulsions. Most common medicines are the antidepressants and majority of the medical professionals count them to be the first choice. Some of the popular antidepressant drugs are Fluvoxamine, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Clomipramine, and Fluoxetine. The mentioned medicines are to be prescribed by a certified doctor for safe results and prohibition of drug abuse. It may happen that a particular medicine does not work for a particular person, and in such case the doctor suggests for an alternative. It may take weeks or even months to feel the difference in the symptoms as the medicine may take some time to work. It is thus suggested not to stop the medicines without consulting the doctor. Stopping the medications can also lead to withdrawal syndrome and is thus sure to make the patient’s condition worse. Every psychiatric medicine has its side effects and they may vary from sweating, indigestion, sleeping disorder, and lacking interest in sexual activity. Some of the mentioned medications can react dangerously with other drugs, food, and alcohol. It is necessary to discuss in details about all other medicines the patient takes so that the danger can be avoided.
The psychotherapy treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder involves a method known as ‘exposure and response prevention’. In this method, the patient is slowly exposed to the object of obsession and then teaching the healthy methods to cope with that particular condition. This therapy takes effort as well as regular practice, but the result is extremely positive. By teaching the patient to control his or her own obsessions along with the techniques to suppress the compulsions, it is ensured that the person will be able to understand the true nature of the disorder and thus act accordingly to stay away from it.
Other Treatment Option:
The research for another option is still going on as there are situations when both medicines and therapies fail to achieve any positive result. The method of ‘deep brain stimulation’ is under research and is thus not considered to be the traditional treatment method yet.